The Reality of the Developments of COVID-19 Epidemic in USA and the Government’s Preparedness and Response
By Hailay Gebretinsae Beyene, PhD Mekelle University
Tigrai Online April 12, 2020
The current pandemic disease called as Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) dates back to 31 December 2019, when the World Health Organization (WHO) has been informed in cases of pneumonia with unknown etiology and unknown cause which has been detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China. After couple of days, on 11 and 12 January 2020, relatively more information about the novel virus was communicated to WHO from the National Health Commission China stating that the outbreak has an association to exposures in one seafood market in Wuhan City. On January 12, 2020 the genetic sequence of the novel corona virus has been identified and shared by China so that countries of the world will be able to develop and use specific diagnostic kits. After this on 13 January, 2020, the first imported case of lab-confirmed novel corona virus (2019-nCoV) has been reported from the Ministry of Public Health of Thailand specifying that it was imported from Wuhan, China. Since the day the new unknown virus has been reported to WHO, within 21 days 282 lab-confirmed cases have been reported from four countries including the month China (278 cases), Thailand (2 cases), Japan (1 case) and the Republic of Korea (1 case). The reports of these countries showed that it. The report disclosed that the cases in Thailand, Japan and Republic of Korea were specifically imported from China, Wuhan City. In fact, 258 cases of the 278 confirmed cases in China were reported from Hubei Province. Of course, during this time period, of the 278 cases, six deaths have been reported from Wuhan City.
As of 10 April 2020, the number of cases has grown globally to 1,521,252 confirmed cases, of which 92, 798 deaths. Regionally, in European Region there are 799,696 confirmed and 66,213 deaths; Region of the Americas 493,173 confirmed cases and 17 038 deaths; Western Pacific Region 117,247 confirmed cases and 3978 deaths; Eastern Mediterranean Region 88,657 confirmed cases and 4,607 deaths; South-East Asia Region 12,978 confirmed cases and 569 deaths; and the least recorded cases being in African Region that accounts to 8,789 confirmed cases and 382 deaths. The overall assessment of the risk is revealed by WHO as very high risk.
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