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US government imposes sanctions & restrictions against Ethiopia and Eritrea

Tigrai Online May 24, 2021

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The American State Department announced on Sunday visa restrictions and sanctions against Ethiopian and Eritrean government officials and members of security forces over atrocities, human rights abuses, and systemic sexual attack by soldiers in the northern state of Tigrai in Ethiopia.

The Ethiopian government have invited the Eritrean government to send it's army across the international border to carryout a genocidal war in Tigrai. The Ethiopian government also helped a neighboring state of Amhara to invade and annex western Tigrai by force and forcefully removed over a million Tigraians from their own land. Over 79 thousand Tigraians have fled to Sudan to save themselves from from murderous irregular forces and their allies the Fanno. The Fanno are a marauder youth group that terrorize the Tigrai civilians in the occupied lands of western Tigrai.

Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have published irrefutable evidence supported by videos, images and eyewitness testimonies Tigrai civilians have been massacred by Eritrean and Ethiopian forces in Tigrai.

The current U.S. administration have been trying to stop the conflict in Tigrai and resolve the conflict peacefully but, the Ethiopian and Eritrean governments rejected all the American efforts. Ethiopia has been denying the presence of Eritrean forces in Tigrai for the past six months until the U.S. government started to push harder then Ethiopia's unelected Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed admitted Eritrean forces are in Tigrai and they will start withdrawing soon, but they never did instead Eritrea is sending more army divisions to Tigrai. Finally the U. S. decided to take a little bit harsher action against Ethiopia and Eritrea. The following is the U.S. State Department statement released on May 23, 2021.

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The United States has deepening concerns about the ongoing crisis in Ethiopia’s Tigray region as well as other threats to the sovereignty, national unity, and territorial integrity of Ethiopia. People in Tigray continue to suffer human rights violations, abuses, and atrocities, and urgently needed humanitarian relief is being blocked by the Ethiopian and Eritrean militaries as well as other armed actors. Despite significant diplomatic engagement, the parties to the conflict in Tigray have taken no meaningful steps to end hostilities or pursue a peaceful resolution of the political crisis. The United States condemns in the strongest terms the killings, forced removals, systemic sexual violence, and other human rights violations and abuses. We are equally appalled by the destruction of civilian property including water sources, hospitals, and medical facilities, taking place in Tigray. We call on the Ethiopian government to meet public commitments to hold accountable all those responsible for human rights violations and abuses, to protect civilians, and to ensure unhindered humanitarian access. We call for the Eritrean government to live up to its public commitment and immediately return its troops to internationally recognized Eritrean territory. Without an immediate cessation of hostilities and a rapid expansion of humanitarian access, current and significant food insecurity could lead to famine.

The time for action from the international community is now. Today, I am announcing a visa restriction policy under Section 212(a)(3)(C) of the Immigration and Nationality Act on the issuance of visas for any current or former Ethiopian or Eritrean government officials, members of the security forces, or other individuals—to include Amhara regional and irregular forces and members of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF)—responsible for, or complicit in, undermining resolution of the crisis in Tigray. This includes those who have conducted wrongful violence or other abuses against people in the Tigray region of Ethiopia, as well as those who have hindered access of humanitarian assistance to those in the region. Immediate family members of such persons may also be subject to these restrictions. Should those responsible for undermining a resolution of the crisis in Tigray fail to reverse course, they should anticipate further actions from the United States and the international community. We call on other governments to join us in taking these actions.

Additionally, we have imposed wide-ranging restrictions on economic and security assistance to Ethiopia and will bring our defense trade control policy in line with them. We will continue humanitarian assistance and certain other critical aid to Ethiopia in areas such as health, food security, basic education, support for women and girls, human rights and democracy, good governance, and conflict mitigation, consistent with available authorities. The United States will continue its existing broad restrictions on assistance to Eritrea.

The United States reiterates its calls for a durable, political solution to the crisis. We are committed to supporting efforts to resolve the crisis in Tigray and help Ethiopians advance reconciliation and dialogue to overcome current divisions.

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