ETHIOPIA: The cradle of civilization and the resurrection of human concern

By Fanowedy Samara
June 27 2010

Ethiopia is the origin of human beings and human technologies longer than almost anywhere else in the world. The Awash valley is the early home of human ancestors-the hominids. It is one of the best open air museums in the world in which the early direct ancestors of human being lived before millions of years. Moreover, it is the place of early human technologies-the Stone Age technologies-for the handy man lived there before millions of yrs. The archaeological sites of the Awash and Omo valleys, the Konsogardulla, Melka kontre etc are the live witnesses of this reality.

The country is also the origin of certain edible plants such as enset, nug, teff etc. These edible plants ensure nationís contribution in the domestication of plants in early periods of human history.

Furthermore, Ethiopia was the early home of civilizations such as the civilizations of Axum, Yeha and Damat. These civilizations had meaningful external relations with the then civilizations of the world. Particularly, Axum developed various external relations with the then Middle and Far East Asian and European civilizations.

The Axumite civilization was the real manifestation of religious tolerance and religious mutual coexistence even at times of religious conflicts. It was during the Axumite civilization that Christianity and the adherents of Prophet Mohammed-Islam- come and lived in harmony with the traditional religions of Axum. The general public and the Axumite Emperors peacefully welcomed these religions. Thus, Ethiopia has been the center of religious tolerance and mutual coexistence for centuries.

Likewise, the nation has been the common home of more than 80 nations, nationalities and peoples for ages. These nations, nationalities and peoples with their respective histories, traditions, religions and beliefs, languages, psychological make-ups, geographical settings etc have lived together in a peaceful mutual co-existence. That is why the country is literarily called the melting pot of nations and nationalities in which they live under solid unity with in diversity.

As the country is the origin of human beings and human technologies, it is also striving to alleviate the would-be possible damages on human continuity. It is strongly fighting against climate change to handover the best tomorrow for the next generation. The nation is desperately struggling against arbitrary damages of nature. As a result, Africa as a whole voted Ethiopia to represent the actual interest of the continent in the global discourse regarding climate change. Recognizing the commitment and leadership role of the nations, the world also nominated Ethiopia to lead the higher expertise group of the climate change discourse.

Ethiopia, the representative of Africa in the climate change discourse, advocates that the developed world should compensate developing nations and their peoples for the damages they face to which they virtually contribute nothing. It demands these developed nations to pay compensation for the industrial proliferation of advanced nations negatively affect the day-to-day socio-economic activities of Africa as a whole and other developing nations as well. Besides, the country is advocating the wise use of natural resources to tackle the negative consequences of natural calamities resulted from global warming.

Ethiopia is struggling to secure the coming generation from the inevitable natural catastrophes. Unless the current trend of natural resources depletion is tackled through proper rehabilitation of nature, the globe would definitely be very much unfriendly for human and other creatures as well. Proper rehabilitation of nature would be so difficult unless those people whose livelihood entirely depends on nature get adequate support. If these people get adequate support, it would be promising that they could shift their livelihood to nature friendly endeavors. Even they can be actively engaged in planting trees to maintain the ecological balance and thereby minimize the damages of global warming. That is what Ethiopia advocates in the global climate change discourse.

Prime Minister Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia is playing a very crux role in the global dialogue of climate change. In the G8 and G20 summits, he briefly articulated the demands of Africans in particular and the possible damages of global warming in general. That is why African leaders repeatedly nominated him to represent Africa in these summits to present their common concern over the issue at hand. As a result, the world started to practically value the real voice of Africa and Africans. And Ethiopia has become the meaningful symbol of African interests and concerns as it was in the 1960s. Hence, one might easily realize that Ethiopia is playing its level best to shelter the interests of Africans in particular and the wellbeing of the next generation in general.

The country is actively engaging in combating against the ongoing global warming because the globe is becoming a challenging scene for human continuity. Global warming has become a serious issue as a result of the ever dynamic and rapid growth of sophisticated industries which in turn increase the amount of carbon in the atmosphere. As a result, life has become extremely challenging particularly, for peoples of developing countries. That is why Ethiopia is waging its utmost efforts to save the next generation from the would-be possible tragedies resulting from the faster rate of carbon emission to the atmosphere.

To a full image of the negative consequences of global warming, letís see the carbon emission rates of some countries and Africa. A report on global warming issued in 2000, indicated that USA and Canada released 26%, west Europe 15%, East Asia13%, Eastern Europe and Russia 12.8%, India and South East Asia11%,Australia, Japan, and Pacific Ocean States together 6.4%, Middle East 6% and Africa 3% of the world carbon emissions (
Thus, the earth's temperature increases by 20C a year. Consequently, it is becoming hotter and hotter.

The above information speaks that Africa and other developing nations contributed almost nothing to the global warming. Rather, some of the developing countries are playing their level best to tackle the problem through planting trees along with their natural forests. For instance, Ethiopia alone planted more than 700 million trees during the Ethiopian Millennium. Moreover, one can easily understand the role of the Amazon and Zaire Basins in keeping the ecological balance of our mother Earth.

Prime Minister Meles Zenawi in his address to the12th heads of States and heads of Governments Summit of the African Union held in Addis Ababa last year said ďAfrica has contributed virtually nothing to the global warming but is expected to be one of the primary victims of its consequences.Ē Thus, global warming primarily affects Africa though the benefits of industrialization go to advanced nations.

Though the immediate and primary victims of global warming are citizens of developing nations such as Africans, every one would inevitably be affected over time unless the problem is properly handled earlier. Hence, the issue has become the common agenda of human beings in general regardless of their geographical settings and the mode of life they follow. And it has also become a matter of life-and-death for the next generation, which would be forced to pay the debts of its fore fathers-the past and current generation.

Thus, Ethiopia, the origin of human beings and the cradle of ancient civilization, also ensures its unreserved concern about the wellbeing of the coming generation. The country is playing its level best to save the next generation from the would-be calamities of natural disasters resulting from unintended consequences of human deeds-global warming. The nation, hence, adamantly insists the world to shift from carbon fuel to bio-fuel energy options and thereby alleviate its dire consequences. True, the origin of human beings, Ethiopia, has also become the resurrection of human concern.