Some observations and positive comments about Ethiopian political progress
Abba Hagos Woldu
April 28 2010
The name "Ethiopia" derives from the Greek ethio , meaning "burned" and pia , meaning "face": the land of burned-faced peoples. Aeschylus described Ethiopia as a "land far off, a nation of black men." Homer depicted Ethiopians as pious and favored by the gods. These conceptions of Ethiopia were geographically very wide and as long as it’s symbolic Nile River. In the highlands is Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile, which supplies the great majority of water to the Nile River Valley in Egypt. Variation in altitude results in dramatic climatic variation. Some peaks in the Semien Mountains receive periodic snowfall, while the average temperature of the Danakil is 120 degrees Fahrenheit in the day time. The high central plateau is mild, with a mean average temperature of 62 degrees Fahrenheit.
Ethiopia's population is highly diverse. Many of Ethiopian people speak a Semitic or Cushitic language. There are more than 80 different ethnic groups with their own distinct languages within Ethiopia. Some of these have as few as 10,000 members. In general, most of the Christians live in the highlands, while Muslims and adherents of traditional African religions tend to inhabit lowland regions. The former military collapse was accelerated by droughts, famine, and insurrections, particularly in the northern regions of Tigray and Eritrea. In 1989, the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front (TPLF) merged with other ethnically based opposition movements to form the Ethiopian Peoples' Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). In May 1991, EPRDF forces advanced on Addis Ababa. Then everything became to be changed towards peace and progress.
In July 1991, the EPRDF, the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), and others established the Transitional Government of Ethiopia (TGE) comprised of an 87-member Council of Representatives and guided by a national charter that functioned as a transitional constitution. In June 1992 the OLF withdrew from the government; in March 1993, members of the Southern Ethiopia Peoples' Democratic Coalition left the government. In May 1991, the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF), led by Isaias Afwerki, assumed control of Eritrea and established a provisional government. This provisional government independently administered Eritrea until April 23-25, 1993, when Eritreans voted overwhelmingly for independence in a UN-monitored free and fair referendum by 99% supporters according to timely report. Eritrea, with Ethiopia’s consent, was declared independent on April 27, 1993. The United States recognized its independence the next day.
In Ethiopian case, President Meles Zenawi and members of the TGE pledged to oversee the formation of a multi-party democracy. The election for a 547-member constituent assembly was held in June 1994. The assembly adopted the constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in December 1994. The elections for Ethiopia's first popularly chosen national parliament and regional legislatures were held in May and June 1995. Most opposition parties chose to boycott these elections, ensuring a landslide victory for the EPRDF. International and non-governmental observers concluded that opposition parties would have been able to participate had they chosen to do so. The Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia was installed in August 1995. Let be peace and development to Ethiopia, which is initiated in a positive direction since the current Government is came to power and let be continue by your grass root ever effort by having unity, strength and job prosperity forever and ever. Amen!
Though election of 2010 needs a special attention to every citizen, it is more crucial and determinant role that the youth should play. As the youth is the future leader of the country who determines the prospect destiny of that nation, one should responsibly and critically participate in the National Election. The youth has remarkable positions of roles when one judiciously participates in this election, exercising their constitutional rights and duties, and determine the prospect fate of that nation are among others. The youth should never be confused that it is today’s youth that becomes tomorrow’s entire generation. That is why the author gives special attention to the voice of the youth in the National Election. We should not be shock by external powers, while you never been for decades and as you are unique people who were and are rejected always the colonial policy of African scramble. As this time of Ethiopian revitalization and significant development period, my suggestion to all youth of Ethiopia is to be attentive and not to be emotionalist in the ongoing situations and on the coming election of may, 2010. We have some abroad people and our few mistaken brothers, either they are friends of them for personal purpose or who have individual problems with the government that making tremendous polemics and unnecessary comments up on our development activities like Gibe-III and so on. So we cannot understand their interest when the voluntary grows and the people are trying to use and be beneficiaries of their resources.
Our naturally beautiful country, Ethiopia is gifted with abundant agricultural resources. It is characterized by diverse physical features that allow the country to be divided into many major agro-ecological zones with its biological potential. Given this diversity, there are major agricultural investment opportunities in the cultivation of cash crops and horticultural products. But we should not be always the people who are expecting from abroad like disabled once and this grace of the government to initiate in order to use our resources is really appreciating issue. Therefore, we have not be confused among understanding of political differences and using of natural resources in order to make up our wealthy. I never met in my studies or my visited nations and nationalities who oppose the government like Ethiopian some oppositions. They have no ability to identify democracy, development and the benefit of the public with the benefit of political party success.
In Ethiopia the agricultural development is the top priority of the Government of EPRDF and Ethiopia has witnessed generous growth in agricultural productivity over the last five years, since 2005 election outcome. The potential power of Ethiopia renewable and non-renewable energy resources is vast. Ethiopians, if we cannot use our water as the Arabs are using their petroleum, who will think for our drought and famine? Until when we will be foolish? Why don’t help our Government just by remaining silent from abroad, at least to remain silent and look at on what is achieving our citizens supported government policy? Living abroad and getting individual bread , can it give us satisfaction and sustainability of economic progress in mother land?... .
If we come to energy of water , according to some comment makers, the currently, less than 4% of the population of Ethiopian public are supplied with electricity. From this low base, domestic demand for electricity is growing on average at 10% per year. With a view to expanding energy supply, the government has recently revised the legal and regulatory framework for power generation, transmission and distribution, and foreign investors are now particularly sought to set up hydroelectric power plants. Arrangements may be made with the Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation for accumulation sales of electric power for transmission and distribution. This is making some few oppositions supported by some few European problem creators through climate change arguments. An election is a formal decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office.
Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy operates since the 17th century. Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. The election process is also used in many other private and business organizations, from clubs to voluntary associations and corporations. The universal use of elections as a tool for selecting representatives in modern democracies is in contrast with the practice in the democratic archetype, ancient Athens. Elections were considered an oligarchic institution and most political offices were filled using satiation, also known as allotment, by which officeholders were chosen by lot. Electoral reform describes the process of introducing fair electoral systems where they are not in place, or improving the fairness or effectiveness of existing systems. Psephology is the study of results and other statistics relating to elections (especially with a view to predicting future results).
To elect means "to choose or make a decision, and so sometimes other forms of vote such as the referendum are referred to as elections, especially in the United States. In each national context, many factors play a role in the situation of political, economic and social changes without excluding minority’s. The main factors like historical-political and cultural conception of the nation, which has imposed itself in the nation-building process needs our individual citizens participation and good will to construct common wealthy and healthy land-Ethiopia. History of minorities’ formation during the nation-building process.
Demographic evolution of majorities and minorities are also needs support and constructive advice from every corners. Finally the main factor is the Geographical position of the minorities and how to keep together without eradicating their identity and autonomous dignity. Status of the language relating to whether it is: -An official nation-state language, A minority language , A less used language, A written or oral language, should be the server of the mother tong people to solve their problem without any difficulties. I think this is what our constitution says and exercising administration policy for almost 18 years.
Therefore, who is hating this important principles? My personal comment in-contrast to the above mentioned case is as follows: -When we are preparing ourselves towards politics we must be free from poor feelings and political hatred, instead of trying to find wining computation or to be better than other through gaining an intellectual capacity and personal potentiality. We should not confuse personal inferiority with the common good and reality for all. One should be free from personal or Capital “I” and better to be informed for the saying Capital “WE”. We have to make real history together rather than common destruction and devastation. This needs to make up mind for attention for the future light of our country and individual responsibility or accountability for our future advance of Ethiopia.
We need always to make an effective communication towards creating relationship with all: either alliance or oppositions! It is a best system to realize that –“Do my words convey what I mean? Can I understand and respond to people with simplicity covered by the reality? If the answer is yes, then you are one of those rare people who communicate well and form instinctive rapport with people around you. For, good communication skills create the foundation for healthy relationships and help you relate to the outsider (or external from you) world in a much more effective manner, then you will achieve your mission.
Let it be try to get free from communication Barriers. Because communication is the exchange or flow of information and ideas between one person and another. Technically, it involves a sender passing on an idea to a receiver. Effective communication occurs when the receiver comprehends the information or idea that the sender intends to convey. The success of the transmission depends on two factors—content and context. Content is the actual words or symbols that constitutes a part of the message, known as language. It could be either spoken or written. We all interpret words in our own ways, so much so that even simple messages could be understood differently. involuntary and listening involves the reception and interpretation of what is heard. It decodes the sound heard into meaning. Does a knock on the door sound the same all the time? What if you are alone and you hear a knock at late night? What happens when you hear a knock while you are expecting someone whom you like?
People generally speak to much words per minute but we can listen intelligently very little words per minutes. This means most of the time only a part of our mind is paying attention, it is easy for the attention to drift. This happens to all of us. The active listening. This involves listening with a purpose. It may be to gain information, obtain directions, understand others, solve problems, share interests, see how the other person feels, even show support. This type of listening takes the same amount of or more energy than speaking. This requires the listener to hear various messages, understand the meaning and then verify the meaning by offering feedback.
Since the creation of the Ethiopian current government, political, economic, social and military power has been progressed significantly. The majority of the peoples in Ethiopia have been subjected to the autonomous administration and democracy, economic progress (improving already existed agricultural progress and new investment creation for the country, including energy creation and so on) and freely each and individual ethnic tribes to make develop their cultural, without any discriminations and racism. As a result, the contemporary Ethiopia is becoming question for many individuals 8inside or abroad) and some countries are concerning of this fast development of Ethiopia. This outcomes are not just playing with Computer and current technology supported efforts but by working and giving life day and night for the success of common good of Ethiopia by overcoming all difficulties of oppression hated struggle and liberation against dictatorial regime violation of human rights, poverty, famine and misery in massive magnitude
I wish free and farewell, as well as peaceful Election 2010.